Care instructions for dogs

Pasningsvejledning for Hunde

1. Breed/type Dogs are just as different "inside" as "outside". When you mix dogs of two or more different breeds, it can be very difficult to predict how the dog will turn out - both in terms of appearance and temperament. Look in a good dog encyclopedia and find a description of the breeds included in your mixed dog.

Please note that a number of breeds and mixes are prohibited in Denmark according to the Dog Act. According to the law requires you as the owner to document that your dog does not belong to one of the breeds/mixes on the prohibited list. The information about the parents of the puppy can help with this documentation, but is not a guarantee.

2. Recommended size and layout of living areas and any facilities Most dogs stay in the family home with the family. The dog must not – e.g. when the family is at work – locked in a transport cage or similar small cage. Such cages are only intended for transport or short-term separation, e.g. in connection with feeding if you have two dogs. In cases where the dog stays outside the home, reference is made to the rules in the legislation regarding dog kennels etc.

3. Special care needs - Many dogs have coats that require considerable effort. This concerns clipping and/or trimming, which is carried out by a dog groomer approx. every 3 months At we offer dog clipping and/or trimming by a trained dog groomer . Added to this is the daily fur care, which for many long-haired breeds requires up to ½ hour of daily brushing. Lack of fur care causes the dog great discomfort and can make the dog sick if, for example, cannot get rid of its feces due to tangled fur, or if the fur forms clumps between the foot pads of the paws.

It is recommended to go to training with your puppy/dog. It contributes to you getting a well-functioning dog and you have a place where you can seek advice and help if the dog should ever cause problems. Both, the Danish Kennel Club, Denmark's civil dog handlers' association, a number of information associations and private trainers offer various forms of training and activity.

4. Stimulation and need for exercise The different dog breeds' need for exercise and other activities are related to what the dog breed was originally made for, e.g. hunting dog, herding dog, guard dog, companion dog or fighting dog. But all dogs need to get outside. 3-4 times a day to urinate and deliver. In addition, the dog needs to go for a walk every day to get scent impressions, just as it should have access to socializing with other dogs at least a few times a week. All dogs need to get out and walk daily. It is not enough to be let out into the garden. The dog must have the opportunity to have new experiences and scent impressions and to meet other dogs. In certain cases, you should refrain from walking your dog in dog woods and on free-running areas. This applies if you have a dog that you do not have full control over, because this is a requirement if the dog is to run loose. Or if you have a female dog in heat or a dog that does not like other dogs. In dog parks and in free-running areas, you will not be able to avoid that your dog is now and then sought out by a loose dog.

5. Feeding Dogs naturally eat almost everything and, unlike many other predators, are not only carnivores. The feed must contain proteins, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water. A feed is inadequate if some of these essential nutrients are missing. Water is the most important nutrient. A fluid loss of 15% can be fatal for the dog and dogs must always have free access to fresh water. Today, there are good dry food products that are adapted to different categories of dogs: puppies, adult dogs and seniors, just as there are special products for e.g. hard-working dogs (hunting dogs during the hunting season), lactating bitches, dogs on a diet etc. You can supplement with leftovers from the family dinner to create variety for the dog, but remember that dogs cannot tolerate strong and spicy food. By letting a liquid dry food form the basis, you are sure that the dog gets the necessary nutrients. Some dogs should not have as much to eat as is indicated on the food packages. Others get a little too much food "on the side". So remember that you have to "feed with your eyes". When you look at the dog from above, it should go slightly inwards behind the ribs. If it doesn't, it's too fat and needs to go on a diet: more exercise and less food. Talk if necessary. with the vet. 8. Social needs The dog is a herd animal and needs contact with its owner/family during most of the hours of the day. It is not advisable to acquire a dog if the dog has to be alone for more than 6-8 hours a day due to the owner's job. The dog also needs companionship with other dogs, and you as the owner are therefore responsible for the dog getting this opportunity.

6. Propagation, brood care and possibly neutralization Female dogs become sexually mature at 7-12 months of age and then come into heat approx. 2 times a year. During that period they bleed a little and during part of the period the female dog is ready to be mated and attracts male dogs with her scent. Male dogs become sexually mature at 10-12 months of age, but already as early as 5 months of age there have been examples of the male dog being able to mate with a female dog (bitch). When the male dogs become sexually mature, some of them become more dominant and aggressive towards other male dogs. It requires a lot of attention from the owner during this period, so that the dog does not acquire some unfortunate habits such as fighting - habits that can be difficult to get rid of again. Both male and female dogs can be neutered (castrated/sterilized). Seek advice from your vet.

7. Typical signs of illness or reduced well-being See a vet if the dog

- have a fever (above 39 degrees)
- becomes lethargic and depressed
- not wanting to eat or drink for a few days
- coughs
- tries to throw up but can't
- scratches more than a few times
- walks with its head tilted and looks as if it is "pouring water out" of one ear
- limps
- works "differently" than usual
- vomits or has diarrhea If the dog vomits or has diarrhoea, but otherwise seems healthy, you can let it fast for up to 24 hours, after which you can start giving it a bland diet. Water must not be taken from the dog, but must be given several times a day in small portions, instead of one large bowl.

Never leave the dog in a hot car. With an outside temperature of just 20-22 degrees, the heat inside the car quickly rises to 80-85 degrees, even if the side windows are rolled down a little.

Additional information - dogs in general
Basically, you need to know that the dog is a pack animal and a predator. The dog's ancestor is the gray wolf, which is a predator that lives and hunts in small packs. The animals in a wolf pack are completely dependent on each other for survival. Therefore, wolves have developed a very precise signal language, which today's dogs have inherited. Dogs, which are used to being in human hands from the time they are small puppies, have learned that both people and dogs make up their pack. But this does not mean that dogs and humans become the same, just that we have very good prerequisites for learning to understand each other's communication and can participate in a fine social interaction. The dog's instincts are its innate predisposition to perform certain actions that serve the survival of the species: hunting prey, digging food, barking when someone comes, running after female dogs in heat to reproduce, etc.

Dogs and children
Dogs are not born with a special relationship with children. A dog is generally happy with children if, early in the puppyhood period, it has had good and positive experiences with different children of different ages. Dogs that have been teased by children as puppies, on the other hand, can have a bad relationship with children and never get used to them. Dogs that have not had the opportunity to be around children as puppies will often later be insecure in the presence of children. It is therefore important that you as a puppy owner ensure that the puppy has good experiences with children. This means that the children must learn to respect and get along with the dog (This applies to both the family's own children and friends) and it is also always the adults' responsibility that children under the age of 8-10 are never alone with a dog.

The first time with the puppy
In order to get off to a good start with the new family member, there are some things that you have to take care of. It is recommended that you make sure to take a holiday for the first 1-2 weeks after you get the new puppy, so that home-alone training and cleanliness training can take place quietly. Before the puppy arrives:

- Agree on what the puppy can and can't do.
- Agree on who in the family is responsible for what in relation to the puppy.
- Make sure the garden is securely fenced in.
- Remove dangerous things, e.g. electrical cords and cleaning products out of the puppy's reach (which is bigger than you think).
- Provide necessary equipment: basket or cardboard box with blanket, water and food bowl, collar, leash and dog tags, toys.
- Teach the family's children how to deal with dogs - including that the puppy must be left alone when it eats, sleeps or stays in its basket/bed, or "says". Children under approx. 8 years should not be allowed to lift/carry puppies/dogs. Transport home
- Before you/you leave the breeder/seller, you must make sure that you have obtained the puppy's registration certificate for the Danish Dog Register (mandatory by law).

If the breeder has not yet received this from the Danish Dog Register, you must have provided other documentation that the puppy is being registered in the DH, e.g. the so-called temporary registration certificate, which the breeder can obtain from the vet, at the same time as the puppies are microchipped. The temporary documentation/certificate is issued because it can take a few weeks from the time the marking is done at the vet/ID tags and until the information is reported to DH and the certificate printed and sent.

Provide a transport box so that the puppy can lie quietly. If the transport home takes place by car, it is a good idea to have an extra person present who can sit in the back seat next to the transport box and have a hand inside the puppy so that it feels safe. Remember the collar and leash if the transport is so long that the puppy has to pee during the journey.

Basics of raising and training dogs
In order to get the puppy integrated into the family as smoothly as possible, you must understand the very basic point in all dog training: Desired behavior must be rewarded, unwanted behavior must be ignored! It sounds simple, but for many it is actually difficult because they are more used to scolding when the puppy does something you don't want it to do. Together with Dyrenes Beskyttelse, the Danish Kennel Club has prepared a series of small booklets that you can download as a pdf file from the associations' websites.

One of the booklets is called: "The first time with the dog", and can be printed out so that the whole family is involved in how it should take place. Please also read "10 tips for a good start with the puppy" at

Danish Kennel Club Purchase Act and appeals
If you have bought your dog from a breeder who regularly breeds puppies, a dog dealer or a dog intermediary, the trade is considered to be covered by the provisions of the Purchase Act and any disputes can be brought to the Consumer Complaints Board. If you have bought the dog from the "neighbour" or another private person who has only had one litter, you must get hold of a lawyer yourself if disagreements arise in the aftermath of the transaction.

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Yours sincerely

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