Care instructions for flat-tailed parakeets
1. Animal species
Among other things. budgie
2. Full grown size
Length 18-47 cm depending on species, weight 26-220 g depending on species.
3. Life expectancy
4. Recommended size and layout of facility or cage
Flat-tailed parakeets are birds with a great need to fly, and many of them fly fast. They are therefore best kept in outdoor aviaries of a suitable size. For the large species, this means an aviary of at least H180 x D100 x W400 cm. For the smaller species, an aviary of at least H180 x D100 x W200 cm is recommended.
Flat-tailed parakeets are not the worst rodents, and therefore the aviaries can usually be built as a wooden structure with ordinary aviary netting with a mesh size of 1 x 2 cm. The aviary should be screened on two sides. Adjacent to the aviary, there must be an indoor room where the birds can seek shelter from the weather. The indoor space should have a floor area at least half as large as the aviary. Aviaries and indoor spaces are provided with branches that the parakeets can climb and gnaw on.
The branches are best placed at the ends of the aviary so that there is still adequate flight space between them. Water and food bowls must be placed well apart so that the water bowl does not become filled with seeds. Outdoor aviaries must be fitted with a lock so that the birds cannot inadvertently fly out.
Only a few species can be recommended to be kept as indoor birds. If you want to keep budgies as indoor birds, a cage of at least H60 x D50 x W100 cm is recommended. For birds of rosella size, a cage of minimum H100 x D70 x W160 cm is recommended.
5. Special care needs, including special requirements for temperature conditions
If flat-tailed parakeets are kept outdoors, they can get used to being outside all year round. However, they must have access to a sheltered, frost-free living space.
6. Stimulation and need for exercise
If flat-tailed parakeets are kept in aviaries of suitable size and with ample climbing and flying opportunities, they can provide the necessary exercise themselves. For birds in indoor cages, it is important to have fresh branches that they can gnaw on.
In the wild, flat-tailed parakeets feed on a wide variety of fruits, nuts, seeds and greens. When putting together your feed, you must therefore ensure that it is varied and contains both proteins, carbohydrates and fats. A seed mixture for parakeets can be used as basic food.
There are seed mixes for both large and small parakeets. Choose the type that suits the birds. You have to make sure that there are many kinds of seeds in the mix and not just predominantly sunflower. For birds that stay outside during the winter, an additional supplement of oil-containing seeds such as sunflower, safflower and hemp is given. In addition, fruits are given, for example: orange, apple, pear, plum, banana, mango, kiwi and grapes. Vegetables: Carrots, corn (fresh, cooked or frozen), peas, broccoli, spinach, beets and peppers. Green: dandelions, fresh branches with leaves, rose hips, rowan berries and other berries. Sprouted and soaked seeds are a good source of vitamins.
During germination, the seed must be thoroughly rinsed several times to remove impurities. Seed mixtures with large seeds such as peas, sunflower, safflower, wheat and beans are suitable for germination. Especially during the breeding season, many of the parakeets also take insect larvae, e.g. mealworms, bedbug larvae, wax moth larvae.
Pellets are also an excellent feed, but should always be used together with other feed items, as it can become too boring for the birds if given alone. Be aware that many types of feed pellets have added preservatives and artificial colourings.
Flat-tailed parakeets should not have sand and pebbles, but should have a chalk block or a bowl of crushed oyster shells called Grit.
8. Social needs
Flat-tailed parakeets live in nature in pairs and in small groups (budgies, however, in large flocks) and therefore have a great need to be together with conspecifics. Flat-tailed parakeets should therefore not be kept individually.
9. Propagation, brood care and possible neutralization
Under the right conditions, the flat-tailed parakeets will be able to breed in captivity. The flat-tailed parakeets are sexually mature at the age of 1-2 years. In the wild, the birds breed in hollow trees.
In captivity, you can use hollow tree trunks or actual nest boxes, which for the larger species measure H45 x D30 x W30 cm, and for the smaller species H30 x D15 x W15 cm. The large species must have an entrance hole of 8-10 cm in diameter, while the smaller species must have a hole of approx. 5 cm.
The boxes can be placed horizontally, vertically or at an angle. The boxes should be made of wood or plywood. Spagnum, shavings or organic litter can be used as nesting material. The incubation period is 18-20 days, after which the chicks are fed in the nest 4-6 weeks before fledging. After fledging, the young are still fed by the parents for a period of time.
10. Typical signs of illness and reduced well-being
Birds are good at hiding disease. Therefore, you must pay attention to the smallest signs that birds are not thriving, so that treatment can be started in time. The healthy bird is lively and moves frequently during the day by flying and climbing.
The plumage is tight, clean and smooth. Beak and feet clean and dry and eyes clear and alert. The sick bird can show its symptoms in many different ways. The most common signs of illness are the following: Decreased appetite, the bird sits at the feed without eating. The bird puffs up, looks tired and puts its head under the wing, also during the day.
The eyes are kept half closed, heavy breathing and often resting on both legs. Thin, foul-smelling faeces When the signs of illness can clearly be seen on the bird, it is urgent to get it to the vet, as it is already very ill at this stage.
Australia, New Zealand and surrounding islands.
This care guide has been prepared by the National Association of Danske Fugleforeninger ( www.ldf-net.dk ).
The care instructions contain general information about the care of an animal species/animal group. Further information can be found in the library or on the above and other websites.
The professional content of the care guide has been approved by the Council regarding the keeping of special animals on 12/12/2013 in accordance with the executive order on commercial trade in animals.